What Kills Periodontal Disease: A Comprehensive Guide to Prevention and Treatment

What is Periodontal Disease?

What causes Periodontal Disease?

According to Brisbane Emergency dentists, Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a serious dental health problem affecting millions worldwide. The primary cause of gum disease is plaque buildup on the teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums. Plaque buildup can be the reason behind several oral problems, including tooth decay, bad breath, and even gum disease.

If plaque accumulates on the tooth surfaces, it can irritate the gums, causing them to become red, swollen, and bleed when brushed or flossed. If plaque is not removed, it can harden into tartar, leading to gum disease. Over time, the condition may lead to gum recession, bone loss, and in severe cases, tooth loss. If left untreated, gum disease may lead to severe health conditions, including an increased risk of heart disease and other systemic diseases.

The disease-causing bacteria in the plaque can attack the connective tissue and surrounding bone that supports the teeth, causing periodontal pockets to form. These pockets can become infected, leading to further inflammation and damage to the bone surrounding the tooth root. This can cause the bone to recede, leading to loose and unstable teeth. The bacterial plaque can also produce toxins that can dissolve the tooth enamel and cause damage to the surrounding tissues, leading to further disease progression.

Other factors that can contribute to the development of periodontal disease include:

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes (due to pregnancy or using contraceptives)
  • Certain medical conditions (such as high blood sugar levels)
  • Genetics
  • Certain medications
  • Stress can weaken the body’s immune system and make it more susceptible to gum disease.

A Comprehensive Guide to Prevention and Periodontal Disease

For Your Information

Did you know poor dental hygiene may be linked to heart disease? The bacteria that cause gum disease may enter the bloodstream and contribute to the buildup of plaque in the arteries, increasing the risk of heart attack or stroke. However, the relationship between oral problems and heart disease is complex, and more research is needed to fully understand the link between the two. It’s essential to maintain proper oral hygiene to reduce the risk of gum disease and also take steps to prevent heart disease, such as exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and not smoking.

Stages of Gum Disease

Gingivitis & Periodontitis

There are two main stages of periodontal disease:

  • gingivitis (early and mild stage of periodontal disease)
  • periodontitis (advanced gum disease which can cause the loss of bone supporting your teeth)

The initial stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis, characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can progress to a more severe periodontal disease called periodontitis if plaque and tartar are not removed through regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings.

In periodontitis, the gums begin to pull away from the teeth, creating pockets that can become infected. The bones, gum, and connective tissue that support the teeth can be damaged, leading to tooth loss.

Consequences of Not Removing Plaque

Gum disease is caused by a buildup of dental plaque and tartar along the gum line, which can lead to:

  • gum inflammation
  • gum infection
  • swollen gums
  • bleeding gums
  • red gums
  • tender gums
  • bad breath

How to Prevent Gum Disease and Keep your Gums and Teeth Healthy

The best way to reduce plaque and prevent periodontal disease is by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting the dentist for checkups and regular dental cleanings. It is also important to be aware of risk factors, such as smoking, poor diet, and stress, and to address any underlying medical conditions that may contribute to the disease. By taking these steps and visiting your dentist regularly, you can reduce your risk of developing gum disease and maintain good oral health.

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and brush for at least two minutes each time. Make sure you use the correct technique.
  • Floss at least once daily to remove plaque and food particles between your teeth.
  • Rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash to kill bacteria and freshen your breath. Look for a mouthwash that contains fluoride and has been approved by the American Dental Association.
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in sugary and starchy foods. Avoid sugary drinks, such as soda and sports drinks, which can erode your tooth enamel and contribute to tooth decay.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings. The ADA recommends seeing your dentist at least twice a year or more frequently if you have gum disease or other dental problems.

What Are the Most Common Symptoms of Gum Disease?

The symptoms of gum disease can range from mild to severe and can include the following:

  • Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
  • Red, tender, or inflamed gums
  • Receding gums
  • Bad breath or a persistent bad taste in the mouth
  • Loose teeth or shifting teeth
  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

Treating Periodontal Disease

Gum Disease Treatment Options

The dentist will address the condition based on the severity and medical history of the patient. Treatments include surgical and non-surgical options.

Non-Surgical Treatments

Scaling and Root Planing: The procedure is called deep cleaning and can remove plaque and tartar from the teeth.

Scaling: The hygienist will use special tools to remove plaque and calculus from the teeth, gums, and below the gum line. Root Planing: Once the teeth and gums have been cleaned, the dentist or hygienist will use a scaling tool to smooth the surface of a tooth root. Root planing helps prevent the future buildup of plaque and encourages the gum tissue to reattach to your teeth.

Antibiotic Therapy: Antibiotics can kill bacteria and reduce inflammation in the gums. This may involve topical or oral antibiotics.

Surgical Treatment

Your dentist may perform dental surgery to eliminate the gum infection and cure periodontal disease.

Flap Surgery: The procedure is called “gingival flap surgery” to remove the infected and inflamed gum tissues. The dentist will perform extensive scaling and root planing to remove tartar buildup. They will then clean the roots of the teeth and reshape the gum line to reduce periodontal pockets that have formed between teeth and gums.

Soft Tissue Grafts (gum graft): This is a surgical procedure that involves transplanting tissue from one area of the mouth to another to cover exposed root surfaces. Soft tissue grafts can help reduce gum recession and tooth loss risk.

Bone Grafts: A bone graft is another surgical procedure used to treat jawbone loss, which can occur as a result of gum disease. When periodontal disease has destroyed the gum tissue and the underlying bone, it can lead to a loss of jawbone density and stability, making it difficult to place dental implants in Brisbane. Bone grafts involve transplanting bone from one area of the body to the jawbone. The transplanted bone is then covered with a membrane and allowed to heal for several months. The new bone tissue will fuse with the existing jawbone, providing a strong foundation for dental implants. The graft might be from a part of your bone, donated, or synthetic material.

Guided Tissue Regeneration: The procedure can promote bone regeneration by preventing the gum tissue from entering the area where bone loss has occurred. The procedure involves placing a resorbable or non-resorbable artificial membrane between the gum and bone to prevent the growth of fibrous tissue and promote the growth of new periodontal ligament and bone tissue.

Tissue-Stimulating Proteins: The procedure encourages the growth of new gum tissue and reduces inflammation in the gums. These proteins can be applied directly to the affected area, either by injection or as part of a topical treatment, to stimulate the body’s natural healing response and encourage the regeneration of damaged tissue. By restoring healthy gum tissue, these proteins may help reduce the symptoms of gum disease and improve overall oral health.

Can You Get Rid of Periodontal Disease on Your Own?

In its early stages, gum disease can often be treated through good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing, using dental floss, and regular dental cleanings. However, as the disease progresses, it becomes more difficult to treat and requires intervention from a dental professional. Please remember that periodontal disease may return if you do not maintain proper dental health, even with successful treatment.

What Antibiotic Kills Periodontal Disease?

Antibiotics are commonly used to treat gum disease, as they can help eliminate harmful bacteria that contribute to gum infections. Common antibiotics used to treat gum disease include metronidazole, tetracycline, and amoxicillin. However, the specific antibiotic used will depend on the individual case and the severity of the disease.

What Is the Best Home Remedy for Periodontal Disease?

  • Rinsing with antimicrobial mouthwashes may help reduce plaque buildup on your teeth and lower your risk of gum disease. Please remember that antimicrobial mouthwash may have some side effects, such as staining the natural teeth and altered taste perception. We recommend you use them only as directed by your dentist or dental hygienist.
  • Coconut oil has been shown to have antimicrobial properties, which may help kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Some studies have suggested that coconut oil pulling (swishing oil in the mouth) may have some benefits for oral health, including reducing the levels of harmful bacteria that contribute to gum disease. However, there is limited scientific evidence to suggest that coconut oil can help treat gum disease independently. It is essential to consult with a dental professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of gum disease, especially advanced periodontitis.
  • Honey is a natural substance used in traditional medicine to treat various health conditions, including dental problems. However, the evidence regarding the efficacy of honey in treating gum infection is limited. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), while honey may have some antimicrobial properties, there is insufficient evidence to support its use as a treatment for gum infections. The American Dental Association suggests that individuals with gum infections should seek professional dental treatment to manage their condition.
  • Green Tea: Green tea may benefit your mouth, according to some studies. Some research suggests that green tea may help reduce gum inflammation and improve symptoms of periodontal disease due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. More research is needed to confirm these findings.
  • Hydrogen peroxide may help with periodontal disease by reducing the number of bacteria in the mouth. Hydrogen peroxide solution may be used to help control gingivitis, a mild form of periodontal disease. However, using it correctly and in appropriate concentrations is crucial as it can cause irritation and damage to the gums if used incorrectly. You must consult a dentist before using hydrogen peroxide to treat periodontal disease.
  • Aloe Vera has been shown to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation and fight the bacteria that cause gum disease. More research is required to determine its effectiveness.

Importantly, these home remedies are not a substitute for professional dental care; active gum disease and chronic periodontitis require serious attention from a professional dental expert and will not go away by themselves.

How Do I Cure My Periodontal Disease?

The most effective way to eliminate bacteria in your mouth and cure periodontal disease is to seek treatment from a dental professional. In mild to moderate disease cases, this may involve scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums. In more severe cases, surgical treatments such as flap surgery, bone grafting, and guided tissue regeneration may be necessary to restore periodontal health.

Does Dental Insurance Cover Periodontal Disease Treatment in Brisbane?

It depends on the specific insurance plan. Some insurance plans cover this treatment, while others may have limited coverage or not cover it. If periodontal disease treatment is covered, the extent of coverage may vary depending on the plan. Some plans may cover only basic periodontal procedures such as scaling and root planing, while others may cover more advanced treatments such as gum surgery. Reviewing your insurance plan to see what is covered and what is not is important. You can also contact your dental insurance provider or your dentist’s office to learn more about your coverage and options for treatment.

In conclusion, periodontal disease is a serious oral condition that can have severe consequences if left untreated. While many treatments are available to help cure the disease, good dental hygiene practices, eliminating risk factors, and regular dental visits are the best ways to prevent it. It is vital to seek treatment from a dental professional if you are experiencing symptoms of periodontal diseases, such as bleeding gums, bad breath, loose teeth, or gum inflammation. Early intervention can help prevent further damage to your health.

Craniofacial Research

NIDCR is an agency that researches craniofacial disease. NIDCR focuses on periodontal disease, a common chronic inflammatory condition that affects the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. This condition is caused by bacteria in dental plaque and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

Pure Dentistry

Are you looking for a Dentist in BrisbanePure Dentistry offers a wide range of dental services, including general dentistry, cosmetic dentistry, and Paediatric dentistry. Our team of highly skilled and experienced dentists and paediatric dentists in Brisbane are dedicated to providing personalized care to every one of our patients.

Call our Pure Dentistry dental clinic in Brisbane on phone number 07 3343 4869 for more information. You can also book online.

Gum Disease in Children

According to Brisbane Specialist Paediatric Dentist, Gum disease in children, while not as common as in adults, can still occur and presents with certain signs and symptoms. Here’s what gum disease typically looks like in children:

  1. Red and Swollen Gums: One of the first signs of gum disease is gums that appear red and swollen. Healthy gums are usually a pale pink color and firm. Inflammation caused by gum disease can make them look puffier than normal.
  2. Bleeding Gums: If a child’s gums bleed during brushing or flossing, it may indicate gum disease. Healthy gums should not bleed from regular oral hygiene practices.
  3. Bad Breath: Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth that doesn’t go away can be a sign of gum disease. This is caused by the bacteria in the mouth.
  4. Gum Recession: In more advanced cases, the gums may start to recede or pull away from the teeth. This can expose more of the tooth than normal and, in severe cases, the roots of the teeth.
  5. Loose Teeth: In advanced stages, gum disease can lead to the loosening of primary (baby) teeth. This is more common in later stages and sign of significant gum and bone damage.
  6. Pain or Discomfort: While not always present, some children may experience pain or discomfort when chewing or touching the gums.

It’s important to note that gum disease in children, especially in its early stages, might not always be accompanied by noticeable symptoms, which is why regular dental check-ups are crucial. Early detection and treatment are key to preventing more severe problems. If you notice any of these symptoms in your child, it’s advisable to consult a kid’s dentist for a proper evaluation and treatment plan.